What is Obesity?Is "fatness" destiny?
Obesity or being fat is neither fate or destiny nor luck.
It is a disease that occurs sometimes due to malnutrition, sometimes due to different health problems, and this has nothing to be ashamed of, shamed or needing to stay away from society.
Because obesity can be cured, prevented, treated.
Obesity, or as popularly called fatness, is a disease that occurs as a result of excessive fat accumulation in the body and must be treated.
We need to be conscious of how obesity occurs.
If the energy taken with food exceeds the amount of energy consumed, there is a problem.
Because this excess is stored in the body as fat over time.
Excessive and unnecessary nutrition, lack of physical activity, some health problems return as “obesity”. This "fatness" first turns into unhappiness and then into many health problems.
We all memorize: Body Mass Index (BMI)
Concepts such as the Body Mass Index (BMI) are no longer foreign to anyone.
Body mass index is calculated by dividing weight in kilograms by the square of height in meters. A person with a body mass index calculation value over 30 is considered obese, and a person over 40 is considered morbidly obese, and in this case, the danger sirens start to sound!
In the internet age, when you type "Body mass index calculation" into any search engine, you will see options to write your height and weight!
The necessary mathematical operations are done for you and the result is provided to you.
However, let us tell you how to do this calculation with an example.
Let's say you weigh 87.
Your height is 1.80.
To square your height, we do 1.80 x 1.80 and get 3.24.
So we divide 87 by 3.24.
It turns out a result like 26.8.
In this case, your text appears 'plump' i.e. 'overweight'.
We can define Body Mass Index in 6 different categories
You can find out your Body Mass Index ratio according to your own height and weight according to the data below:
- Plump (overweight)
25-29,9 (slightly increased risk of diabetes and heart disease)
- Obese 1 (Obesity)
30-34,9 (increased risk of diabetes and other diseases)
- Obese 2 (Morbid obesity)
- Obese 3 (Super morbid obesity)
>40 (risk of fatal diseases)
If the Body Mass Index is over 30, we recommend consulting a specialist.
Over 40 is called morbid obesity and over 50 is called super morbid obesity.
In such figures, specialist support is definitely needed.
Some symptoms come to the fore in obesity patients; Symptoms such as snoring, excessive sweating, sleep apnea, pain in the joints and back, infection due to irritation on the skin, fatigue and breathlessness even at the slightest movement come to the fore.
Obesity is a disease that negatively affects the human body such as cardiovascular, respiratory, digestive systems and hormones, and also paves the way for many important ailments. With obesity, heart diseases, high blood pressure, diabetes, high cholesterol, respiratory disorders, joint diseases, menstrual irregularities, infertility, impotence, gallbladder diseases, stone formation, some types of cancer are some of these diseases.
As a result, obesity can be defined as a disease that shortens human life and negatively affects quality of life.
According to studies, obesity has been increasing and spreading rapidly all over the world, especially in the last 20 years. Our country is also affected by this health problem, which can be described as an "epidemic". Approximately one-third of our female population and approximately one-fifth of our male population are obese.
Obesity is among the most important health problems of developed and developing countries in today's world.
Obesity has been defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as excessive accumulation of fat in the body that may adversely affect health.
No giving up!
Obesity can surely be treated!
Obesity, which is becoming increasingly common in the world, significantly and importantly affects the quality and duration of life. However, there is no need to bow our heads, be sad and give up; because obesity is a treatable disease.
In the treatment of obesity, diet accompanied by exercise or surgical methods are used. By determining the appropriate treatment method, specialists aim to reach and maintain a healthy weight for the obese person.
By defeating obesity, you can win the fight against diseases such as high blood pressure, heart, sleep apnea, breast cancer, colon cancer and prostate cancer, and take a step towards a healthy life.
Who Can Be a Candidate for Obesity Surgery?
Those with a Body Mass Index of 35-40, those with obesity-related type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and sleep apnea are considered morbidly obese in terms of bariatric surgery. Even in patients with "new" type 2 diabetes and metabolism disorders due to obesity and with a BMI between 30 and 35, surgery is now in question.
How to Treat Morbid Obesity?
The first treatment option for morbidly obese patients is diet. However, if diets lasting less than 6 months and applied at least 2 times have failed, diet therapy should no longer be continued. In this case, the most effective treatment option is surgery and should be done as soon as possible.
Modern medicine is always at your service for the quality and duration of your life.